…an immature flower, such as cauliflower, broccoli, and artichoke; a seed, such as pea and lima bean; the immature fruit, such as eggplant, cucumber, and sweet corn (maize); or the mature fruit, such as tomato and…, broccoli, carrot, cauliflower, celery, muskmelon, pea, radish, summer squash, and sweet corn (maize); cabbage, lettuce, and spinach are suited to vacuum cooling; air cooling is preferred for bean, cucumber, eggplant,…, cabbage, cauliflower, turnips, and radishes, as well as gardening plants such as sweet alyssum, wallflower, and rock cress. Usually, we eat only the head. Cauliflower is technically frost tolerant, and can be grown in most USDA zones, but it is not frost hardy, and can be damaged. Which part of a plant is a cauliflower? It is descendent from a wild cabbage and after undergoing various All of these plants are actually variants of the same species, and cauliflower is formally known as Brassica oleracea var. Like other vegetables in this group, which is part of the mustard family, it has a zesty, slightly spicy texture in both raw and cooked form. Brassicaceae have flowers with four sepals and petals, and the…. Whichever portion of the plant a consumer intends to eat, the head should be firmly and evenly colored when purchased, and the leaves and stalks should be crisp, not wilted. Mark Twain said that “cauliflower is nothing but cabbage with a college education” and I think he’s right. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Cauliflower is said to have originated in South West Asia or Turkey. The colored varieties can add an interesting tone to dishes, when they can be obtained. Harvest your cauliflower when it is white, firm and large. As a general rule, the head is white, but variants come in purple and green as well. The outer layer of skin on the lower half of cauliflower stems are slightly tough, so they should be peeled before adding them to recipes. If you let it grow without harvesting it, you’ll eventually see its curd separate — much like a blooming flower. The plants grow best in moist nitrogen-rich soil and will produce only small heads if stressed with drought. I’m calling this recipe Plant-Based “Fried” Cauliflower. Cauliflower is a delicious and versatile vegetable. Stem Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea, in the family Brassicaceae. As desired for food, the terminal cluster forms a firm, succulent “curd,” or head, that is an immature inflorescence (cluster of flowers). Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. Cauliflower is a cool-weather crop and requires consistent temperatures of about 16 °C (60 °F) to produce heads. The plants produce cross-shaped yellow flowers and bear seeds in dry capsules known as siliques. https://www.britannica.com/plant/cauliflower, LiveScience - Cauliflower: Health Benefits & Nutrition Facts, Healthline - The Top 8 Health Benefits of Cauliflower, University of Illinois Extension - Cauliflower, cauliflower - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). It’s a sweet and spicy spin on cauliflower. The pale yellowish white part and the stem part is also edible. At a casual glance, it does resemble curds of milk, since it is lumpy and white. All of these plants are actually variants of the same species, and cauliflower is formally known as Brassica oleracea var. The name is a nod to the fact that the vegetable is an unusual plant in a family that is cultivated for edible greens, not flowers. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. If you’re planting cauliflower seeds directly into your garden, sow seeds half an inch deep, in rows that are three to six inches apart, about a month before the last However, the plant is notoriously difficult to grow, with finicky temperature requirements, and some gardeners give up on getting it to grow at all, let alone yield twice. Oh and the stem too, of course. Cauliflower, as part of a low sodium diet, may reduce the risk of high blood pressure. Cruciferous vegetables are vegetables of the family Brassicaceae (also called Cruciferae) with many genera, species, and cultivars being raised for food production such as cauliflower, cabbage, kale, garden cress, bok choy, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and similar green leaf vegetables. Cauliflower nutritional information Much like broccoli, water makes up around 90% of cauliflower plants. The cauliflower head is composed of a Plant-Based Fried Cauliflower is an oil-free vegan dish that mimics the taste and texture of fried food, without the frying part. ANSWER: Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea in the genus Brassica, which is in the family Brassicaceae. Cauliflower is part of the same plant family as broccoli, Brussel sprouts, cabbage and kale. Corrections? With some plants we eat more than one part. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Learn similarities and differences between broccoli and cauliflower. Plant your seeds. Most stores carry the vegetable at various points in the year. The top half of the stems, similar to broccoli, are actually quite tender and require no peeling. In case there’s confusion, the white part is the head (made up of a ton of tiny half Short stem ends with a compact inflorescence in the form of a white head, yellow, purple. Test your knowledge with this quiz. botrytis. Not an easy vegetable for cultivation. It was cultivated to have a specific taste and flavor that was more palatable to people.. Technically, most of the cauliflower plant is edible, but most consumers prefer the head, which is formed from a mass of immature flower stalks. ANSWER: Indeed, all parts of the cauliflower are edible, including the stems and leaves. botrytis. Melissa Petruzzello is Assistant Editor of Plant and Environmental Science and covers a range of content from plants, algae, and fungi, to renewable energy and environmental engineering. The plant is native to Asia and the Mediterranean. Typically, it is ready about 2-3 months after you plant the seedlings. The head of cauliflower is also sometimes called the white curd, or just the curd. Dietary Saturated Fat & Cholesterol & Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: While many factors affect heart disease, diets low in saturated fat and cholesterol may reduce the risk of this disease. It was bred out of the wild cabbage plant, Brassica oleracea . The head of the cauliflower consists of a white Meristem inflorescence. Cauliflower is high in vitamins C and K and is frequently served as a cooked vegetable or used raw in salads and relishes. The plant can be cooked, pickled, or eaten raw, and there are numerous culinary applications for cauliflower ranging from curries to fake mashed potatoes. Cauliflower florets are the part of the plant that most people prefer to eat. We eat the cauliflower head. The 35 S promoter of cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) can be transcribed in many different plant tissues and organs. The broad leaves extend far above the curd and are often tied together before harvest to shade the curd and prevent discoloration. It is of Mediterranean origin, and tends to prefer cool, moist climates. The (flower) head and the leaves. Broccoli plant leaves each have a strong central petiole or stalk that keeps them suspended in the air. Clubroot, a fungal disease, is a common problem for cauliflower crops, and the plants are fairly susceptible to a number of foliage-eating insects, including cabbage loopers, cabbage whites, and aphids. It is an annual plant that reproduces by seed. However, the stem and especially leaves are edible too and are especially good for adding to soup stocks. Add your answer and earn points. The crisp green leaves and stalk are also edible, although they require cooking before they can be consumed. Elongated oval leaves grow from a strong If the climate is too cold, it will only produce small, partial heads. However, the plant is also rich in vitamins C, K and B6, as well as being a rich source of potassium and fibre. You can also plant it on your own, with cauliflower being part of the Brassica family, which is grown for its head, which is Answer: Cauliflower is a vegetable. Cauliflower prefers a garden soil pH of 6.0 to 7.0. You may also . It is an annual plant reproducing by seed. Commercially, white cauliflower is the most common, though orange, purple, green, and brown cultivars also exist. Asked by Wiki User 2 answers A cauliflower is a flower. Which part of plant is cabbage 1 See answer aryan6518 is waiting for your help. Whether you’re sticking to lifestyle goals, or looking to go plant-powered, build your go-to order with Cilantro-Lime Cauliflower Rice for a real good, feel good option. Cauliflower is part of the cabbage family. Cauliflower and broccoli plants produce flowers we like to eat. Name: Cauliflower Description: *The edible part of this plant is actually a cluster of flower buds. How to Harvest Cauliflower. exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. Cauliflowers are annual plants that reach about 0.5 metre (1.5 feet) tall and bear large rounded leaves that resemble collards (Brassica oleracea, variety acephala). 7 8 9 Answer Cauliflower How much is cauliflower buying it? Cauliflower (as the name suggests) is actually the flower buds of the plant. She has her M.S.... Where is the line between fruit and vegetable really drawn? Cauliflower, (Brassica oleracea, variety botrytis), highly modified form of cabbage in the mustard family (Brassicaceae), grown for its edible masses of partially developed flower structures and fleshy stalks. Although, people across the world are a bit Broccoli is a human invention. Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the The amount of these components varies according to plant species, plant part used, environmental condition, and growth stage and it is very problematic when … Many members of the Botrytis group have been grown throughout Europe for centuries. Flowers of cauliflower are edible flowers. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and Cauliflower, (Brassica oleracea, variety botrytis), highly modified form of cabbage in the mustard family (Brassicaceae), grown for its edible masses of partially developed flower structures and fleshy stalks. This is composed of many small clusters of flowers. Cauliflower is a delicious vegetable a lot of people love having, thanks to its versatility in how to cook it. Omissions? It is an annual plant that reproduces by seed. Cauliflower is high in vitamins C and K and is frequently served as a cooked vegetable or used raw in salads and relishes. Cauliflower is part of the cabbage family, but it has a nutty, sophisticated flavor that sets it apart from its broccoli and cabbage cousins. It requires good soil and plenty of water especially when young. Broccoli and cauliflower belong to the same plant family, but you may wonder whether one is healthier than the other. Cauliflower is a cool-season crop and grows best in well-draining, organic soil at a pH value of 6.5 or above. Annual plant has a deep root system and long leaves. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The name for cauliflower comes from the Latin caulis, which means “stalk,” and floris, for “flower.” Since the term “kale” is also related to caulis, the name could also be translated as kale flower or cabbage flower. Cauliflower is a vegetable in the Brassica oleracea species, which includes cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, kale, and kohlrabi. Make a cut towards the base of the plant and remove the leaves Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Some people prefer eating only the head, but both are perfectly edible and tasty. A high amount of organic matter in the soil will help to maintain moisture. spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors. Updates? Cauliflower is a vegetable in the Brassica oleracea species, which includes cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, kale, and kohlrabi. Is broccoli or cauliflower man made? Make the most of this winter staple in soups, casseroles, and recipes that typically use flour. Britannica now has a site just for parents! More specifically, it’s a cluster of immature flower buds, known as a curd . As described in Chapter 3 , the 35 S promoter is not a … In the right climate, cauliflower can be coaxed into yielding twice a year, providing a source of nutrition when other plants may not be maturing. Subscribe to our newsletter and learn something new every day. Farmers' markets and specialty produce stores may offer variegated cauliflower when it is available. How to cook it one is healthier than the other, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, kale, information... Curd separate — much like a blooming flower vegetable at various points in the family Brassicaceae:. 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