Each of the past three decades has been warmer than any preceding decade since records began in 1850. As global warming brings an earlier start to spring, the early bird might not just get the worm. With continued global warming, heat waves are expected to increase in frequency, duration and intensity. This means transitioning to renewable and carbon-free energy sources such as solar, wind, and hydro which cause less than 3% of the … Climate models are designed to simulate the responses and interactions of the oceans and atmosphere, and to account for changes to the land surface, both natural and human-induced. To squeeze or stretch the graph in either direction, hold your Shift key down, then click and drag. Q: What causes global warming? Monday on radio, Glenn and his co-hosts eagerly shared the findings of a new study that sought to confirm how climate scientists claim the earth is warming --- with catastrophic consequences. 1. It’s responsible for about 20% of global warming, according to National Geographic , and a big portion of methane comes from cows (more on that later). The primary way to solve global warming is to eliminate the role of fossil fuels in modern society wherever possible. According to the study, conducted by two scientists and a veteran statistician, the data sets used to prove global warming ar To further explore the causes and effects of global warming and to predict future warming, scientists build climate models—computer simulations of the climate system. Global warming is an aspect of climate change, referring to the long-term rise of the planet's temperatures.It is caused by increased concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, mainly from human activities such as burning fossil fuels, deforestation and farming. "Global warming is important because it is so persistent and global in scale, and because it brings more extreme events such as heat waves — not because it makes every place warm all the time. And scientists say that unless we curb global-warming emissions, average U.S. temperatures could increase by up to 10 degrees Fahrenheit over the next century. While carbon dioxide takes up most of the headlines, there’s another greenhouse gas that’s seriously warming our planet: methane. Warming is instead concentrated in the lower layers of the atmosphere, called the troposphere (where we live, where weather occurs, and where planes fly). Causes of global warming, explained. Explore this interactive graph: Click and drag to display different parts of the graph. But there are other causes of global warming, too. Jane Baldwin, a postdoctoral research scientist at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, found that compound heat waves—heat waves that occur in sequence, one after the other—will also increase, making recovery from heat waves more difficult. Paleoclimatology—or the study of changes in climate throughout Earth’s history—uses evidence found in tree rings, ocean sediment, coral reefs, and layers of sedimentary rocks to determine that current warming is occurring roughly 10 times faster than the post-ice age warming… Rising temperatures in the troposphere evidence the human fingerprint in global warming caused through the release of emissions from burning coal, oil, and natural gas. Causes and Effects of Climate Change. It might also get its genes passed on to the next generation. "This is fantastic," Glenn said. TThe current global average temperature is 0.85ºC higher than it was in the late 19th century. 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